Note the blatant error in 12:16. According to archaeologists, “Camels are mentioned as pack animals in the biblical stories of Abraham, Joseph, and Jacob. But archaeologists have shown that camels were not domesticated in the Land of Israel until centuries after the Age of the Patriarchs (2000-1500 BCE). In addition to challenging the Bible’s historicity, this anachronism is direct proof that the text was compiled well after the events it describes.”
I found two fascinating verses in this chapter. First, v 13, about the sin of Sodom. Didn’t we all assume that it was homosexuality? Because nothing is specified.
And v 15 “For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed forever.” I recognize this as the English translation of “Quam olim Abrahae promisisti et semini ejus.” I’ve sung these words in Latin many times as part of a community choir that sings major classical choral works. Here they are in Mozart’s Requiem.
Edward Falzon makes an interesting observation here in his book.
‘At this point in the bible, only about 370 years have passed since Noah’s flood. I’ve wondered how there can be 9 kings and a Pharaoh, each with their own civilians, servants, slaves and livestock, created from 8 people on the ark. I still haven’t worked it out – I’ll keep you posted.’
This marks the start of animal sacrifices (v 8-10). Spoiler alert – this is going to be a very big deal for a large part of the OT.